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The Samoyed dog breed is named after a people from Northern Siberia. These nomadic tribes and reindeer herders bred the fluffy, white working dog to help with pulling sleds and herding the reindeer. The dog breed was also known as the “Bjelkier” that means just “the white dog”.

The nomadic tribes were primitive, moved often and slept in tents in areas where the reindeer could find food. Nomadic life was hard especially in the harsh winter time and the dogs often roamed between the tents and slept close to their owners at night to keep warm.

Character and behavior
The Samoyed is friendly, affectionate and bonds with its entire family. These traits makes the Samoyed an ineffective guard dog as it is highly unlikely to attack an intruder unless absolutely forced to do so. The Samoyed will alert its pack of any possible threats by barking. For the same reason it is very rare to see an aggressive Samoyed.

The Samoyed is a playful and highly energetic dog that loves to play with children. The Samoyed doesn’t shy away from digging your garden full of holes. With a history as a sled dog capable of making it to the North or South pole it is no surprise that the Samoyed needs a lot of exercise to stay happy and balanced.

The Samoyed is an intelligent dog breed that will find destructive and creative outlets for its energy if not exercised enough. If you don’t train your Samoyed to walk nice on a leash it will not mind pulling you around all day.

With a history as a herding dog for reindeer the Samoyed also has a well developed herding instinct that sometimes can be seen when it plays with children. The dog might try to herd them in a desired direction. The Samoyed’s alert and happy expression earned it the nickname “the smiling white dog”.

History of the breed
On his first expedition to the North Pole the explorer Fridtjof Nansen used Samoyed dogs to pull the sleds. Fridtjof Nansen viewed the Samoyed dogs as the only effective way to reach the North Pole. Fridtjof planned to feed the weak dogs that died first to the stronger dogs to keep the expedition going.

Fridtjof wasn’t the only one to use Samoyed dogs on polar expeditions. A large Samoyed by the name of Etah was the pack leader of the sled dogs for Roald Amundsen’s expedition in his attempt to be the first man to reach the South Pole.

Appearance, grooming and health
The Samoyed dog has a thick and warm white coat that can withstand even the polar climate. The coat is made up of a short and soft inner coat and a longer and more coarse outer coat. Even the dog’s toes has hairs protecting them from the cold.

The coat color is white but can be somewhat cream colored with a few markings. The Samoyed is a hardy medium-sized dog that typically weighs about 37-66 pounds and stands 19-24 inches tall.

The Samoyed sheds quite a lot twice a year and sheds moderately all year. The Samoyed’s coat requires weekly grooming. It is remarkable easy to keep the coat white and clean. There’s no reason to trim a Samoyed’s coat but some of the hair on the dog’s feet can be trimmed once in a while. The Samoyed will typically have a life span of 12 to 16 years.

What you should know about the Samoyed dog breed:

  • A friendly dog that gets along with everyone
  • Hardy dog with great endurance makes the Samoyed a great partner in all outdoor activities especially in the cold.
  • The Samoyed has the classic sled dog look and is easier to train than most other sled dogs
  • A very energetic dog that needs lots of exercise to stay happy and balanced
  • Sheds a lot and has a tendency to bark at sounds and perceived threats
  • Makes a great family dog for the active family

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  • This group is for anyone who owns a Samoyed or have questions to this specific dog breed.